AIM: To identify gene variants responsible for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. PATIENTS & METHODS: Polymorphisms of the NADPH oxidase subunits and of the anthracycline transporters ABCC1, ABCC2 and SLC28A3 were genotyped in elderly patients (61-80 years) treated for aggressive CD20(+) B-cell lymphomas with CHOP-14 with or without rituximab and followed up for 3 years. RESULTS: The accumulation of RAC2 subunit genotypes TA/AA among cases was statistically significant upon adjustment for gender, age and doxorubicin dose in a multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR: 2.3, p = 0.028; univariate: OR: 1.8, p = 0.077). RAC2 and CYBA genotypes were significantly associated with anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity in a meta-analysis of this and a similar previous study. CONCLUSION: Our results support the theory that NADPH oxidase is involved in anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. Original submitted 9 July 2014; Revision submitted 19 December 2014.
PubMed ID: 25823784
Projects: German Lymphoma Alliance (GLA)
Human Diseases: B-cell lymphoma
Citation: Pharmacogenomics. 2015;16(4):361-72. doi: 10.2217/pgs.14.179.
Date Published: 1st Apr 2015
Created: 17th Apr 2019 at 13:49
Last updated: 16th May 2019 at 15:02