The genetic background of childhood body mass index (BMI), and the extent to which the well-known associations of childhood BMI with adult diseases are explained by shared genetic factors, are largely unknown. We performed a genome-wide association study meta-analysis of BMI in 61,111 children aged between 2 and 10 years. Twenty-five independent loci reached genome-wide significance in the combined discovery and replication analyses. Two of these, located near NEDD4L and SLC45A3, have not previously been reported in relation to either childhood or adult BMI. Positive genetic correlations of childhood BMI with birth weight and adult BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, diastolic blood pressure and type 2 diabetes were detected (Rg ranging from 0.11 to 0.76, P-values <0.002). A negative genetic correlation of childhood BMI with age at menarche was observed. Our results suggest that the biological processes underlying childhood BMI largely, but not completely, overlap with those underlying adult BMI. The well-known observational associations of BMI in childhood with cardio-metabolic diseases in adulthood may reflect partial genetic overlap, but in light of previous evidence, it is also likely that they are explained through phenotypic continuity of BMI from childhood into adulthood.
LHA ID: 84HDK0H9HD-8
PubMed ID: 33045005
Projects: Genetical Statistics and Systems Biology
Publication type: Journal article
Journal: PLoS Genet
Human Diseases: No Human Disease specified
Citation: PLoS Genet. 2020 Oct 12;16(10):e1008718. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008718. eCollection 2020 Oct.
Date Published: 13th Oct 2020
Registered Mode: by PubMed ID
Created: 4th Nov 2020 at 07:30