BACKGROUND: Conflicting results exist on the effect of allergen immunotherapy (AIT) on pollen-related food allergy. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of one-year AIT with the folding variant (FV) … of recombinant (r) Bet v 1 on birch-related soya allergy. METHODS: Of 138 subjects with Bet v 1 sensitization, 82 were positive at double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) with soya. A total of 56 of 82 were randomized in the ratio of 2:1 (active: placebo). Per-protocol population (PPP) had received >/=150 mug of allergen or placebo preparation. OUTCOME MEASURES: lowest observed adverse effect levels (LOAEL), postinterventional occurrence of objective signs (objS) at any dose level, sIgE/IgG4 against Bet v 1 and Gly m 4. Between-group changes were investigated (ancova, Mann-Whitney U-test, Fisher exact test). RESULTS: Baseline characteristics including LOAELs were comparable in both groups with objS and subjS occurring in 82% and 95% of active (n = 38) vs 78% and 83% of placebo group (n = 18). After AIT, objS occurred in 24% and 47%, respectively. LOAEL group differences showed a beneficial tendency (P = 0.081) for LOAEL(objective) in PPP (30 active, 15 placebo). sIgG4 raised only in active group (Bet v 1: P = 0.054, Gly m 4: P = 0.037), and no relevant changes occurred for sIgE. Only 56% of the intended sample size was recruited. CONCLUSION: For the first time, we present data on the effect of rBet v 1-FV on birch-related soya allergy. rBet v 1-FV AIT induced significant immunogenic effects. Clinical assessment showed a tendency in favour of the active group but did not reach statistical significance.
Authors: R. Treudler, A. Franke, A. Schmiedeknecht, B. Ballmer-Weber, M. Worm, T. Werfel, U. Jappe, T. Biedermann, J. Schmitt, R. Brehler, A. Kleinheinz, J. Kleine-Tebbe, H. Bruning, F. Rueff, J. Ring, J. Saloga, K. Schakel, T. Holzhauser, S. Vieths, J. C. Simon
Date Published: 21st Dec 2016
Publication Type: Journal article
PubMed ID: 27998002
Citation: Allergy. 2017 Aug;72(8):1243-1253. doi: 10.1111/all.13112. Epub 2017 Jan 17.