Novel IGH and MYC Translocation Partners in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas.

LHA-ID
7R9DC19P5X-3
Summary

We studied 20 DLBCL with fluorescence in situ hybridization-based evidence for IG heavy chain (IGH) locus-associated translocations not involving BCL6, BCL2, MALT1, or MYC by long distance inverse PCR to identify the translocation partners. Moreover, we studied eight DLBCL with MYC translocations not involving IG or known non-IG loci as translocation partner to search for novel MYC translocations. We identified three novel IGH-associated translocations. Chromosomal breakpoints involved the IMMP2L gene in 7q31, the BCAS2 gene in 1p13, and the PVRL2 gene in 19q13. Overall, our study suggests that chromosomal translocations in DLBCL are more heterogeneous than previously known.

Abstract

Chromosomal translocations involving an immunoglobulin (IG) locus and a proto-oncogene play a major role in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) pathogenesis. Recurrent IG translocation partners in DLBCL are the BCL6, BCL2, and MYC genes, but other rare translocation partners are also known. We studied 20 DLBCL with fluorescence in situ hybridization-based evidence for IG heavy chain (IGH) locus-associated translocations not involving BCL6, BCL2, MALT1, or MYC by long distance inverse PCR to identify the translocation partners. Moreover, we studied eight DLBCL with MYC translocations not involving IG or known non-IG loci as translocation partner to search for novel MYC translocations. We identified three novel IGH-associated translocations. Chromosomal breakpoints involved the IMMP2L gene in 7q31, the BCAS2 gene in 1p13, and the PVRL2 gene in 19q13. The latter gene, which is recurrently translocated in T-cell lymphomas, is significantly higher expressed in the biopsy with the translocation compared to cases without this genetic aberration, indicating a pathogenetic role of PVRL2 also in DLBCL. In one case with a MYC break we obtained a novel MYC-SOCS1 translocation representing an unusual translocation of a proto-oncogene with a tumor suppressor gene. Indeed, we demonstrate that the oncogene was deregulated and the tumor suppressor gene inactivated. As both genes undergo aberrant somatic hypermutation in the region of the chromosomal breakpoints, this translocation likely happened as a byproduct of the hypermutation process. Overall, our study suggests that chromosomal translocations in DLBCL are more heterogeneous than previously known. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

DOI
10.1002/gcc.22391
Publication Date
Journal
Genes, chromosomes & cancer
Journal Volume
55
Journal Number
12
Journal Section
932-943
Corresponding Author
Ralf Küppers
Corresponding Author Institution

Institute of Cell Biology (Cancer Research)
University of Duisburg-Essen, Medical School
Virchowstraße 173
D-45122 Essen, Germany

Corresponding Author email
Publication Type
Human Disease Ontology Concept